Gambling in the United Kingdom
Gambling in the United Kingdom is regulated by the Gambling Commission on behalf of the government’s Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) under the Gambling Act 2005. This Act of Parliament significantly updated the UK’s gambling laws, including the introduction of a new structure of protections for children and vulnerable adults, as well as bringing the burgeoning Internet gaming sector within British regulation for the first time.
The gambling industry in the UK currently features various forms of gambling, which include all kinds of casino games, gaming machines, bingo and sports betting. All these services are provided in both physical and online casinos from a number of operators.
The legislation concerning gambling operations in the country is relatively straightforward. There are some more complicated issues when it comes to gambling services providers, but for the UK players, the rules are perfectly simple to understand. The competent authorities have made the everything simple from the consumer side of things, with very little being requested in return.
History of Gambling Regulation in the UK
Gambling has always been quite popular when it comes to the culture and traditions of the UK. At first, gambling in bingo became highly popular over the World War II among the armed forces, but after the War’s ending, the game was also spread amongst the population. Commercial bingo halls were allowed to be initiated with the Betting and Gambling Act of 1960, which, however, demanded them to be accessible to members only.
Casinos shared the same fate after the end of World War II. They were allowed to be opened after getting licensing from the Game Board of the UK. The licences provided the casinos with the opportunity to place a total of ten gaming (slot) machines. It was not until the Gaming Act 1968 implementation when certain changes in the law were made and commercial casinos were allowed to offer more games.
There were a lot of legislative restrictions on both bingo and casinos until the establishment of the Gambling Act in 2005, which made the building of the so-called super casinos legal.
Sports gambling in the country was officially legitimate with the Betting and Gaming Act 1960, which provided more betting options to players.
Lottery, however, has a complex background in the UK. It was made illegal in 1698. Later, in 1934, small lotteries were legalized in the country, while further liberalization followed in 1956 and 1976 respectively. The first National Lottery was established in 1994.
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